Local Community Case Study In Merrylands Research Paper1 Answers
Aboriginal Heritage in the local area for the Aboriginal people(Merrylands)
Discuss kinship and aboriginal lands before and after colonization
•The paper will discuss and report on Aboriginal lands and kinship before and after the European colonisation in the Merrylands area.
•Word count: 1200
The municipality of Merrylands
The suburb of Merrylands lies within Cumberland City Council,approximately 3 kilometres south-west of the Parramatta Central Business District. A small area of the suburb comprising the M4 Western Motorway from Mays Hills and Burnett Street ramps to Pitt Street lies within the Rosehill Ward of the City of Parramatta.This short stretch of the M4 Motorway, which was already planned by the late 1960s, is constructed within Merrylands but is part of the City of Parramatta.
Most of Merrylands covers Dharug land occupied by the tribes of the Burramattagal around Parramatta, the Boot-Bain-Ora near Wentworthville, and the Toongagal at Toongabbie.There are
significant archaeological remanants along rivers and creeks and there is strong evidence the tribes met for gatherings and initiation ceremonies and possibly some bartering. Encounters between the settlers and the Aboriginal people was not always amicable.As European settlement progressed, the bush was cleared for farming and the number of native animals decreased dramatically, depriving the indigenous population of their food. The Aboriginal population continued to decline, and at the time of the 2016 Census, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.8% of the population of Merrylands. European Settlement One of the earliest land grants made in the area was 100 acres to Judge-Advocate Richard Atkins in 1793, who also received an additional grant of 145 acres in 1798. He named his property Denham Court, and this was later purchased by John Bowman. Other important land grants include those given to Charles Walker, Benjamin Barrow and William Puckey.However,it isArthur Todd Holroyd who has had the most significant influence on the history of Merrylands. Holroyd acquired his land at Merrylands in 1855 from the original Sherwood Estate grant of 1,165 acres made to William Sherwin in 1831. Sherwin had taken the name from Robin Hood’s forest in England.Holroyd renamed the estate Sherwood Scrubs. Holroyd established many forms of industry on this estate including a pottery, brickworks, and an orangery. He also had a dairy which he called Merrylands, in honour of a family property in England. Naming the suburb Merrylands was suggested by Holroyd, who also became the first mayor of the municipality when it was
established in 1872.The suburb had also been previously referred to as Sherwood Scrubs. Holroyd died in 1887 at his home in Merrylands.The population of the suburb rapidly increased in the 1880s because ofthe Southern Railway line from Granville to Liverpool opening. The railway station which opened on the 6 July 1878 had its name of Merrylands suggested by Holroyd. Major subdivisions began in the 1860s, and industries which relied on manufacturing such as the production of bricks, tiles, pipes, warehousing,and cement manufacture developed.
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