Tourism and Environmental Sustainability Assignment Answers


1. Various options are provided as possible answers to the following questions.
Choose the answer and write the only the letter (A-D) next to the question number (1.1.1-1.1.4) in the ANSWER BOOK, for example 1.1.1 A.

1.1.1 An example of products on which environmental tax is charged, is….

A. car seats.
B. car tyres.
C. roof tiles.
D. clothes

1.1.2 For an activity to be classified as part of tourism, the minimum length to stay should be one….

A. year
B. month
C. day
D. week

1.1.3 Managing the environment in such a way that it remains in its presents condition, is known as

A. Scenery.
B. management.
C. conservation.
D. preservation.

1.1.4 The tourism industry is … intensive

A. capital
B. money
C. technology
D. labour

Give ONE term for each of the following descriptions. Write only term next to the question number (1.2.1-1.2.4) in the ANSWER BOOK.

1.2.1 A set of cultural and traditional skills that has developed around a specific community
1.2.2 Resources that can be replaced or generated
1.2.3 A release of harmful gases into the atmosphere
1.2.4 Tourists travelling within their own countries

Question 2


2.1.1 What effect will tourism have on the country’s GDP?

2.2 Study the extract below and answer the questions that follow.


Tourism is regarded as a modern – day engine of growth and is one of the largest industries globally. In 2014, G20 heads of state recognized tourism as a driver of growth and development, as well as a sector with the potential to spur global economy

South Africa has earmarked tourism as a key sector with excellent potential for growth: the government aims to increase the contribution of tourism, both direct and indirect, to the economy.

South Africa’s spectacular scenery, friendly people and word – class infrastructure make it one of the most desired destinations in the world.

The regional African tourist market is South African ‘most important tourist market, contribution more than 73% of total arrivals and more than R50 billion in revenue in 2014.

As a labour – intensive sector with a supply chain that links across sectors, tourism is a priority sector in the governments planning and policy frameworks,

[adapted from South, May 2016]

2.2.1 Identify in the extract above why the tourism industry has been earmarked as a key sector.

2.2.2 Briefly describe the tem tourism.

2.2.3 Give ONE reason why the tourism industry is growing at such a high rate.

2.2.4 In your opinion, how can the tourism industry benefit the poor, rural communities of South African?

2.3 How can tourism attractions in less popular destinations be successfully marketed?

Question 3

Environmental sustainability

3.1.1 What effect will the planned Brandfort heritage site have on the Free State economy?
3.1 Study the information below and answer the question that follow                    

    The united nation climate change conferences

The UN has yearly conferences which serves as a formal meeting of parties that are known as the conferences of the parties (COP). The meetings assess the progress made in dealing with climate change. The first conference was held in Berlin, Germany in 1995 and the third meeting was held in Kyoto, Japan in, where the greenhouse gases was discussed.

In 2011 the 17th meeting was held n Durban, South Africa. The emphasis was on the creation of a green climate fund. The Kyoto conference outlined the reduction of greenhouse gas emission. In 2016 the 22nd conference (also known as COP 22) was held In Morocco. Despite these numerous meetings, global temperatures are increasing.

3.2.1 Give the name of ONE city in the extract where climate change conferences were held.
3.2.2 Describe how greenhouse gases contribute to global warming.
3.2.3 How can a green fund help to reduce global warming?
3.2.4 Why is global warming increasing despite the many international conferences in climate change?

3.3 How do consumers as key market role players fall to protect the environment?